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Mental Illness: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Mental Health Insurance

Mental Illness or Mental Health Disorders

The term mental illness (also called mental health disorders) applies to a wide variety of mental health conditions. These can be conditions that affect a person’s thinking and behavior. Most people by now are familiar with some specific examples of mental illness, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, etc. However, these are very visible manifestations of mental illness and it is not always the case with people who suffer from symptoms of the various illnesses in this class.

With many physical illnesses, medical intervention is warranted because failure to treat often leads to death or great physical suffering at the very least. In many ways, the same applies to mental health disorders.

Though the immediate and direct effects of mental health disorders are not physical, they can create physical symptoms in the long term and they can result in death through various avenues. Stress has been shown to contribute, for instance, to heart disease. Also, severe depression can lead to suicide.

You do not have to be a doctor in order to see that someone is physically maimed and recommend medical treatment. In the same way, you do not need to be a psychiatrist or therapist in order to see that someone is injured mentally and needs help. However, it is helpful to learn some of the traits and behaviors that are common in mental illness in order to be there at the right time for your loved ones.

In order to be helpful at a difficult time in someone else’s life, do not feel pressured to provide solutions. It is just like finding someone that you care about in a physically injured state. You want to get professional and quality help for them as soon as possible. However, if you were in such a situation, you would want to know more about what different signs of injury mean so that you can provide any on-the-spot help that might save a life.

What Are Mental Health Disorders

Mental health disorders (or mental illnesses) can be conceptualized as a group of conditions that affect a person's thinking, feeling or mood and/or their ability to relate to others and function on a daily basis. It may be associated with certain kinds of behavior as well.

According to DSM-5 (the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published by American Psychiatric Association), mental health disorders are classified into five main categories: Anxiety disorders, Mood disorders, Eating disorders, Substance related disorders, and disruptive behavior disorders.
Mental health disorders are common and are a major cause of disability affecting how a person functions in family and society. They are associated with personal distress and/or with a high risk of suffering, death and disability.

Millions of people worldwide are living with mental illness, and you are not alone.

There are many different mental health disorders. You can learn what they are and how to deal with them on this site ➜ LiveWellTalk.

What are the Signs of Mental Illness

We should take note of some of the following traits and behaviors in people around them. Just one symptom is not necessarily enough to justify action. However, if that symptom is manifested very profoundly, you might think otherwise.

Ultimately, each person has to review a list like this and decide if it is time to talk to someone about the problem

1. Has the person in question become socially withdrawn? A reluctance to participate in social activities is often a sign that something is internally wrong. It may simply be depression. However, when depressed people are allowed to withdraw from activities that they normally find peasant, they often get worse. It is important to keep in mind what a person is normally like. Some people are simply shy and not subjects of mental illness.

2. Does the person experience extreme changes in mood that are noticeable? This can be a sign of a wide variety of mental illnesses. It is not your concern to understand exactly what is wrong. You should just know that wild mood swings are always unhealthy, unless they are prompted by an obvious and justifiable cause, such as a terrible accident or bad news.

3. Is the person tired a lot? Sometimes this is just a sign of poor sleeping habits. However, if you are close to the person and know for a fact that he or she spends more than enough time in bed, it may be a sign that something is troubling him or her. Additionally, people who suffer from mental illness may actually sleep quite a bit. They often do this to avoid their thoughts or contemplation of their situation in life.

4. Has his or her sex drive changed? If your partner suddenly seems disinterested, it may be caused by his or her mental illness.

5. Are drugs involved? Sometimes, people with mental illnesses turn suddenly to drugs or alcohol to relieve the mental pain that they feel. If you see an unexpected increase in drinking in someone who normally drinks, that may also be a sign.

6. Expression of suicidal thoughts. This does not have to be a direct statement such as, I want to die. You may just hear the person saying things about like not being worth it anymore. Sometimes, people progress from these passive statements to direct actions and successfully kill themselves.

What causes mental illness

Research shows that mental illnesses are caused by the interplay of genetic, environmental and biological factors, some of which may be inherited, and that these factors interact in a complex, but definite way in an individual's development.

The environmental factors are mainly the stresses of everyday life.

The biological factors include -

- the effects of the brain on the body and on the immune system,

- the effects of brain injuries,

- the effects of the brain on the body,

- the effects of the brain on the immune system, and

- the effects of the brain on physical development.

Genetic factors include the nature of the genes in the person's chromosomes and the effects of the genes on the brain.


It is not recommended that you confront the person directly and make accusations. Instead, try to broach the topic conversationally. Open the door so that the person knows that you care. Let him or her know that you can get help. Do not simply say that you are there. Instead, get specific and mention a program or a doctor that you have researched.

  Read also → How to Cope With Negative Reaction from Others on your Mental Illness

Treatments for Mental Illness: How Are Mental Health Disorders Treated

The treatment for mental health disorders varies from one person to another based on their specific needs. However, most of the treatments are centered around medications and psychotherapy.

A wide variety of medications are used in treating mental health disorders. These include antidepressants, antipsychotics and mood stabilizers. There are certain antidepressants that can be beneficial in preventing the occurrence of depression attacks, while antipsychotics are used to control psychotic symptoms. Medications can also be used to help patients with mood disorders and anxiety disorders to overcome their distressing emotions, as well as insomnia and nightmares.

Medications may take weeks or months to take effect, and some disorders may require long-term treatment with medications. People who are receiving medications for mental disorders need to stay in close contact with their doctors and take their medications exactly as prescribed. Untreated mental disorders, or failure to take medication as prescribed, can result in the development of more serious symptoms over time.

For many of mental health disorders, psychotherapy is an extremely important part of the treatment regimen. Psychotherapy sessions can be in the form of individual therapy, group therapy and family therapy. A therapist will talk with a person to help them deal with troubling thoughts and feelings. Psychotherapy helps to improve the patient's quality of life in many ways, as it helps to manage stress and negative emotions, and to improve relationships.

Many other treatments are also available that are specific to the mental disorder. Examples include electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for depression and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) for treatment-resistant depression.

A healthy lifestyle can help to alleviate symptoms of mental illness and make the treatment more effective. What does a healthy lifestyle mean? Eating properly, exercising, having a stable sleep schedule, practicing relaxation techniques, avoiding drugs or alcohol, etc. A healthy lifestyle is not only good for mental health, but for your overall physical and psychological wellbeing.

Support from family, friends, and other significant people also plays a vital role in the treatment of mental health disorders. Group therapy and social support groups are also helpful in many cases. Support groups (local and online) are a great way of helping to cope with mental illness, as well as giving you a place to talk to people who can relate to your struggles.

So, in a nut shell, How Are Mental Health Disorders Treated? Mental health disorders are generally treated with a mix of prescription drugs (medications) supportive therapy (psychotherapy), and lifestyle changes. The mix must be tailored to the specific needs of the patient. It may take some time until the patient sees complete improvement.

Alternative treatments for mental health disorders: Many people who cannot get conventional medical treatment for their mental health issues or want to avoid taking pharmaceutical medications turn to alternative treatments. Alternative treatments for mental health disorders include: Acupuncture, Yoga, Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT), Massage, Naturopathy, Deep Breathing Exercises, Herbal Remedies and more.

Insurance for Mental Health

For people with mental health disorders, having insurance coverage for their condition is vital. Mental health care can be expensive, and without insurance, many people would not be able to afford the care they need. Unfortunately, mental health disorders are often not covered by traditional health insurance policies, or if they are, coverage is often very limited. This can leave people struggling to afford the care they need.

Fortunately, there are a few insurance companies that are starting to offer coverage for mental health disorders. This is a very positive development, as it will help to make mental health care more accessible and affordable for people who need it. If you or someone you know is struggling with a mental health disorder, be sure to check with your insurance provider to see if they offer coverage for mental health care.

Insurance for Mental Health in US

Nearly one in five adults in the U.S., about 50 million people, experiences a mental health disorder in any given year, according to the National Alliance on Mental Illness.

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) has made it possible for more people to get insurance for mental health in the US. The ACA requires all insurance plans to cover a basic set of health benefits, including mental health and substance abuse services. This means that more people than ever before can get the treatment they need for their mental health problems.

If you are one of the many people in the US who suffer from mental health problems, it is important to know that you have options for getting the treatment you need. There are a lot of different insurance plans out there, and each one covers different mental health benefits.

There are a few different types of insurance that can cover mental health in the United States. Private insurance, Medicaid, and Medicare all offer coverage for mental health.

Private insurance is probably the most common type of insurance in the United States. If you have private insurance, you will likely have to pay a deductible before your coverage kicks in. After that, you will usually have to pay a copayment or coinsurance for mental health services.

Medicaid is a government-funded insurance program that covers low-income individuals and families. Medicaid coverage for mental health can vary from state to state, but most states do cover some mental health services.

Medicare is a federal insurance program for individuals who are 65 years or older, or who have certain disabilities. Medicare does cover some mental health services, but coverage can be limited.

Thing to keep in mind while choosing best insurance for mental health in US in 2022

Choosing the best insurance for your mental health needs can be a daunting task. You need to take the time to research your options and understand your needs to find the perfect plan for you. Here are a few things to keep in mind when choosing best health insurance for mental health in the United States in 2022:

1. The Affordable Care Act (ACA)

The ACA is a federal law that requires all health insurance plans to cover certain mental health services. This means that if you have a plan that is compliant with the ACA, you should have access to mental health care. However, not all plans are ACA-compliant, so it is important to check with your insurer to be sure.

2. Your mental health needs

Everyone's mental health needs are different. You will need to consider what types of services you need in order to find a plan that covers them. For example, if you need therapy, you will want to make sure that your insurance plan covers that type of service.

3. Your budget

Health insurance can be expensive, so it is important to consider your budget when choosing a plan. There are a variety of plans available, so you should be able to find one that fits your financial needs.

4. Your state's laws

Each state (Florida, Texas, California, etc.) has its own laws regarding mental health insurance. These laws can impact the types of plans available to you and the coverage you can receive. Be sure to research your state's laws before choosing a plan.

5. Your doctor's recommendations

If you have a doctor that you see for your mental health needs, be sure to ask them for recommendations for health insurance plans. They will likely know which plans cover the services you need and are most likely to be accepted by your doctor.


Mental illness affects millions of people around the world. In some cases, it is a temporary phenomenon that can be cured and left behind. Others struggle throughout their entire lives with it. 

Researchers have discovered, however, that prompt intervention and treatment can not only save people from suffering, it can save their very lives. Identifying at least the possibility of mental illness is as useful an ability as recognizing physical trauma. In both cases, you are enabled to contact health professionals and possibly save someone’s life.


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