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Psychotic Depression: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Psychotic Depression Psychotic Depression is primarily defined in terms of depressive symptoms that come along with psychosis. Psychosis is the condition wherein a person either has an indistinct view of reality or loses connection with reality. Although the depression is not as common as melancholic or non-melancholic depression, it is quite severe in nature. In fact, one may evaluate the severity of psychotic depression from the fact that around one-fourth of the people suffer from the problem of psychotic depression out of all the patients admitted to the hospital for depression. The propensity to develop psychotic depression increases in an individual who has a family history of it. Normally during this depression, people begin to suffer from various unusual and extremely odd behavioral changes. They begin to hallucinate and develop irrational fears and thoughts. Their delusions have the potential to drive them crazy. In acute cases, they become paranoid and start hearing things a

Psychosis: Symptoms and Treatment

Psychosis Psychosis is a condition in which an individual shows behavior and judgment that no longer conforms to what is real. Psychosis is not a condition in its own right but is an acute mental health problem which is triggered by other conditions. It can be caused by ongoing disorders such as schizophrenia , depression or bipolar disorder or sometimes by short term conditions, for example stress , substance abuse or a traumatic event. Sometimes other diagnosed illnesses such as lupus, malaria or Lyme disease may trigger an episode. There are some medicines that have also been identified as a cause of the condition. Studies have shown that around 3% of people will suffer at least one psychotic episode in the course of their lives so it is a surprisingly common problem. Psychosis Symptoms People suffering from psychosis will present with different symptoms but there are four main signs. Confused and disturbed thoughts : One of the primary signs that a patient is suffering from a ps

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

ADHD What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)   Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( ADHD ) is characterized by an individual’s inability to focus or pay attention. ADHD is a disorder that usually develops during childhood, but is sometimes not even diagnosed until adolescence or adulthood. ADHD sufferers exhibit restlessness, impulsiveness, and a sense of disorganization. They are also extremely impatient and easily distracted, even when doing something that interests them. ADHD is often viewed as a learning disorder because it can interfere with the learning process in a dramatic way.  History of ADHD ADHD was first loosely described by Dr. Heinrich Hoffman in 1845. In 1902, Sir George F. Still published a series of lectures in England describing a small group of children who exhibited significant behavioral problems caused by dysfunctional genetics as opposed to bad child-rearing. Since that time, ADHD has gone through a significant period of being def

Schizophrenia: Symptoms, Types, Causes, Treatment, Medication

Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is one of the most feared and least understood mental disorders known today. This is an illness of the brain that has been recorded and dealt with by communities for generations, but there is still a lot about the causes of schizophrenia that scientists are still trying to uncover and understand. In most circumstances, the condition will be diagnosed in men in their teen years and 20′s whereas in women the condition is diagnosed in their 20′s and 30′s. Many assume that someone with paranoid schizophrenia disorder will be a mass murderer, child abuser, or something equally as scary. The truth is, many people with this disorder live normal lives and accomplish great things. These are the people with milder cases and the people who seek help and stay on their medications, so the symptoms of the disorder are controlled and greatly relieved. What is Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a mental illness characterized by relapsing episodes of psychosis (Psychosi

Bipolar Disorder: Signs, Types, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment Options, Tips

Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder  (formerly called manic depressive illness or manic depression ) is a kind of psychiatric disorder related to a category of mood disorders and is defined as the presence of one or more intervals of abnormally elevated energy levels, cognition and mood with or without one or more intervals of depression . Clinically these elevated moods are mania and if they are mild then they are known as hypomania. People who came to experience such manic episodes also experience depressive episodes or symptoms while they can also come across mixed episodes which have features of both mania and depressive episodes at the same time. Between these episodes there is a period of normal mood but in some patients, depression and mania alternate rapidly and this condition is called rapid cycling . Episodes of extreme mania can lead to symptoms like delusions and hallucinations. This disorder has sub-phases like Bipolar I , Bipolar II , Cyclothymia and many others. T

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How to Build Self-Confidence & Improve Self-Esteem : 5 Ways

How to Build Confidence and Self-Esteem Self-Confidence Meaning Self Confidence is a belief on ones abilities. In the purest form it expresses how much belief you have in your own abilities, in any field. You can have great self confidence in your soccer abilities but when it comes to relationships, you are lost. So it varies on the field which we are examining.   We all have our strong and weak sides, and that’s okay. The problem begins when we disregard and undervalue ourselves, and lose faith in ourselves. This is what you should focus on, when building self confidence. You should focus on your strong sides and remind yourself of the things you are proud of, of the things that you are very good at. When you focus on the things you are proud of, you start feeling great about yourself and you begin to acknowledge your advantages as well. This leads to strong sense of self-appreciation and confidence. How to Build Self-Confidence Everyone is different, and what works for one perso

Quick Progressive Muscle Relaxation script

Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) Progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) is a stress management technique developed by Edmund Jacobson, Physical Therapist in early 1920s. According to Jacobson, since mental stress and anxiety accompanies muscular tension, one can reduce stress and anxiety  by learning to relax muscle tension.  Jacobson's Progressive Muscle Relaxation  ( JPMR ) technique (exercise/therapy) is still popular among modern physiotherapists as well as psychotherapists. In this article you will find a detailed discussion on PMR and 2 Quick Progressive Muscle Relaxation scripts ... What Is Progressive Muscle Relaxation Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) can be defined as a relaxation response to daily stressors. It is a psychophysical therapy that can be used to reduce tension and physical pain, and to help clients learn to be more conscious of their own bodily sensations and body posture. It comprises a sequence of techniques designed to systematically relax specific

How to Deal with Depression Alone: Overcome Depression on Your Own

How to Deal with Depression Depression leaves devastation in its wake, but fortunately there is something that can be done about it. At this day and age, people are more aware of the harmful impact that untreated depression can lead to. Modern advances have more or less minimized the recurrence of depression once identified and treated. Knowing how to deal with depression will definitely save a life, yours or a loved one’s. Depression occurs more commonly than we think, and has varying impact to a person’s life. Depending on the individual lifestyle, coping mechanism and personality, it could range from manageable to disastrous. Symptoms could also vary, and a depressed person may exhibit frequent emotional down-times manifested through crying. It may also affect sexual desire, alienation from family and friends, as well as difficulty in finding meaning in life. A person with depression is also disinterested in participating in group activities, and may end up neglecting personal an