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Psychotic Depression: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Psychotic Depression

If a person is considered medically depressed and has a kind of psychosis, he could develop a condition described as psychotic depression (Depression with Psychosis). Psychosis is the condition wherein a person either has an indistinct view of reality or loses connection with reality.

There are a lot of symptoms associated with psychotic depression. Although the depression symptoms are similar to those with people that experience clinical or mild depression, there are symptoms which are different to this type of depression.

Psychotic Depression Causes

There are many reasons for depression. It usually happens when a person goes through intense pain, fear and trauma. This may also be due to the hormonal changes in the body. Though there is no specific cause for psychotic depression, many studies show that one of the major causes is cortisol. When the cortisol level in the blood augments, it can have a deep effect on the brain of the sufferer and may lead to their hallucination or delusion.

Psychotic Depression Symptoms

A lot of people suffering from this type of major depression may find that they hear or see things which are not real. Medical professionals call these observances as hallucinations. They may also suffer from a wide variety thoughts and fears that are considered to be irrational and is referred by medical professionals as delusions.

Medical complications are also common in people who suffer from psychotic depression. They may exhibit high levels of irritability, anger and agitation. Paranoia is another factor that is quite common among those who are suffering from this kind of major depression. They will believe that other people are out to hurt them or their possessions even though this thought has no basis in reality.

A lot of individuals with psychotic depression will experience anxiety or may grow a secondary anxiety disorder like obsessive-compulsive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder or agoraphobia as well as panic attacks are quite common among them. Many psychotic depression sufferers may have sleep complications such as insomnia. The depressed individual may stay awake throughout the night and sleep most often during the day.

In addition to this, actual mobility issues and physical complications may also be experienced by psychotic depression sufferers. Cognitive impairment, mental complications and other issues are commonly related to people suffering from psychotic depression.

Psychotic Depression Treatment

People who suffer from psychotic depression most often gain benefit from clinical based treatments. There is a wide variety of different medications which are used to treat people that suffer from this type of major depression. The medications utilized for this form of depression include anti-psychotic medications, special neuroleptic medications and antidepressants. Counseling sessions either one on one or by group and specialized therapies like cognitive behavioral therapy are also used in psychotic depression treatment.

The objective of the treatment is to stabilize the unstable moods of an individual that suffers from this condition. If the person suffers from delusions or hallucinations, medications appropriate for treating this condition will be used. It is important to provide the individual that shows psychotic depression symptoms with proper treatment to avoid instances such as committing suicide or unnecessary accidents due to their state of mind.


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